If you need to groom or board your dog at a facility while you're away, you must ensure its protection against the highly contagious Bordetella (Kennel Cough) virus. Our veterinarians in Douglasville are here to provide you with all the essential information.
What Is Kennel Cough (Bordetella) in Dogs?
Bordetella bronchiseptica causes canine respiratory disease and is a key component of the canine infectious respiratory complex, known as kennel cough, upper respiratory infection, or infectious tracheobronchitis. In dogs, it is the primary culprit behind kennel cough.
How Do Dogs Get Bordetella?
Dogs visiting locations with potential dog-to-dog contact, such as doggy daycares, groomers, dog parks, and boarding facilities, face a higher risk of contracting the virus and developing upper respiratory infection symptoms.
The primary mode of bordetella transmission in dogs occurs through inhaling bacterial particles. When these particles reach the respiratory tract, they can cause inflammation in the windpipe or voice box.
Several scenarios can elevate a dog's susceptibility to diseases caused by this bacterium. These scenarios include the following:
- Staying in a poorly ventilated living space (such as certain kennels)
- Colder temperatures
- Exposure to dust or smoke
- Stress (often brought on by travel issues)
Symptoms of Bordetella in Dogs
A persistent cough characterizes Bordetella infections in dogs. Coughing can sound similar to a honking goose, according to dog parents. Vets refer to this as "reverse sneezing."
Some other symptoms of Bordetella infections in dogs include:
- Eye discharge
- Less of an appetite
- A consistently runny nose
Treatments for Dogs With Bordetella
The good news is that many cases of Bordetella will spontaneously resolve without requiring additional treatment. If you take your dog to the vet, they might prescribe antibiotics to expedite his recovery. Always ensure that you complete the full prescribed dose of any medication.
Furthermore, vaccines offer a preventive solution against these infections. Your vet can administer these vaccines either through an injection or via nose drops.
Can My Dog Get Side Effects from the Bordetella Vaccine
With any vaccine, you should anticipate mild adverse reactions. It might be disconcerting to witness your pet experiencing such a reaction, but it's crucial to remember that these reactions are usually brief and relatively mild. Knowing what to watch for regarding vaccine reactions and the appropriate steps to take if your pup displays more severe symptoms can ease the stress associated with getting a Bordetella vaccination for both your dog and yourself. Look out for signs like lethargy, the appearance of lumps and bumps, and cold-like symptoms such as sneezing.
Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs
The Bordetella vaccine for dogs actively shields against this specific virus, offering widespread accessibility to safeguard your dog from kennel cough. It is commonly referred to as the "kennel cough vaccine." If you're contemplating the duration of effectiveness of the Bordetella vaccine in dogs, the intranasal variant of the vaccine is typically administered on an annual basis, although some boarding facilities or hospitals may recommend a six-month interval.
If your dog frequents dog parks, boarding facilities, dog daycare centers, training classes, or dog shows, they face a potential risk of contracting Bordetella. Many of these establishments mandate proof of Bordetella vaccination, making it imperative for your dog's health and participation in extracurricular activities.
While vaccinations are generally safe, balancing their advantages against any potential risks is crucial. To mitigate potential side effects in dogs, your veterinarian may discourage administering the Bordetella vaccine if your dog is immunocompromised, unwell, or pregnant. They will engage in a comprehensive discussion regarding the vaccine's pros and cons for dogs with a history of previous vaccine reactions.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.